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Several institutions of higher learning, such as the University of New Hampshire's School of Law and NHTI, Concord's Community College, are based in the city. The other state courts are the Probate Court, District Court, and the Family Division. [89] The New Hampshire Department of Transportation operates a statewide ride-sharing match service, in addition to independent ride matching and guaranteed ride home programs.[89]. The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of New Hampshire was 1,359,711 on July 1, 2019, a 3.28% increase since the 2010 United States Census. The largest of New Hampshire's lakes is Lake Winnipesaukee, which covers 71 square miles (184 km2) in the east-central part of New Hampshire. [note 4][52] New Hampshire and Vermont are also at the lowest levels among states in religious commitment. In September, New Hampshire is host to the New Hampshire Highland Games. About 14% of private sector employees are employed by firms with more than 1,000 employees. In the flatter southwest corner of New Hampshire, the landmark Mount Monadnock has given its name to a class of earth-forms—a monadnock—signifying, in geomorphology, any isolated resistant peak rising from a less resistant eroded plain. Nashua is a city in southern New Hampshire, United States.As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 86,494, the second-largest in northern New England after nearby Manchester. In Presidential election cycles, this is the second primary election held in New Hampshire. [99] After the lakes freeze over they become dotted with ice fishing ice houses, known locally as bobhouses. New Hampshire's major regions are the Great North Woods, the White Mountains, the Lakes Region, the Seacoast, the Merrimack Valley, the Monadnock Region, and the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee area. Six months later, it became one of the original 13 colonies that signed the United States Declaration of Independence, and in June 1788 it was the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution, bringing that document into effect. The following sports teams are based in New Hampshire: The New Hampshire Motor Speedway in Loudon is an oval track and road course which has been visited by national motorsport championship series such as the NASCAR Cup Series, the NASCAR Xfinity Series, the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series, NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour, American Canadian Tour (ACT), the Champ Car and the IndyCar Series. In 1905, Portsmouth was the scene of the treaty ending the Russo-Japanese War. New Hampshire Interesting Facts. New Hampshire does not have a lieutenant governor; the Senate president serves as "acting governor" whenever the governor is unable to perform the duties. The 1990 USDA plant hardiness zones for New Hampshire range from zone 3b in the north to zone 5b in the south. New Hampshire shared a governor with Massachusetts. In the winter, New Hampshire's ski areas and snowmobile trails attract visitors from a wide area. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 2020 10-facts-about.com About / Privacy policy / Contact / Advertise, 10 Evil Serial Killers That Are Still On The Run, Forbes Magazine - List of billionaires by US state, US Census Bureau - State and County QuickFacts. New Hampshire's highest recorded temperature was 106 °F (41 °C) in Nashua on July 4, 1911, while the lowest recorded temperature was −47 °F (−44 °C) atop Mount Washington on January 29, 1934. It immediately became the most important testing grounds for candidates for the Republican and Democratic nominations. Concord is the state capital, while Manchester is the largest city. [60] They experienced a sharp decline due to obsolete plants and the lure of cheaper wages in the Southern United States. New Hampshire is also the home of several prestigious university-preparatory schools, such as Phillips Exeter Academy, St. Paul's School, Proctor Academy, Brewster Academy, and Kimball Union Academy. New Hampshire was a Jacksonian stronghold; the state sent Franklin Pierce to the White House in the election of 1852. Historically, the base was composed of traditional New England textiles, shoe making, and small machine shops, drawing upon low-wage labor from nearby small farms and from parts of Quebec. Fun Facts. [55], The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that New Hampshire's total state product in 2018 was $86 billion, ranking 40th in the United States. Fact 1New Hampshire was the first state to declare independence from England prior to the Declaration of Independence being signed.Fact 2In 1787 the first alarm clock in the word was invented by Levi Hutchins in Concord, New Hampshire.Fact 3The first potato planted in the United States was done so in 1719 at Londonderry Common Field in New Hampshire. Additionally, the U.S. Department of State employs approximately 1,600 people at the National Visa Center in Portsmouth, which processes United States immigrant visa petitions.[71]. Sununu became the state's first Republican governor since Craig Benson, who left office in 2005 following defeat by John Lynch. Extreme snow is often associated with a nor'easter, such as the Blizzard of '78 and the Blizzard of 1993, when several feet accumulated across portions of the state over 24 to 48 hours. Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 1,359,711. [84][85] Legislation in 2007 created the New Hampshire Rail Transit Authority (NHRTA) with the goal of overseeing the development of commuter rail in the state of New Hampshire. It continued with this status until 1741 when it reverted back to provincial status. New Hampshire (/ˈhæmpʃər/) is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. In the 2014 elections, Republicans retook the New Hampshire House of Representatives with a 239–160 majority and expanded their majority in the New Hampshire Senate to 14 of the Senate's 24 seats. The Piscataqua River boundary was the subject of a border dispute between New Hampshire and Maine in 2001, with New Hampshire claiming dominion over several islands (primarily Seavey's Island) that include the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. The raised flax and manufactured linen which became famous throughout the region. [57] The state's largest economic sectors in 2018, based on contribution to GDP, are: 15% real estate and rental and leasing; 13% professional business services; 12% manufacturing; 10% government and government services; and 9% health care and social services.[61]. The state has no general sales tax and no personal state income tax (the state does tax, at a five percent rate, income from dividends and interest), and the legislature has exercised fiscal restraint. [13], New Hampshire is part of the six-state New England region. Ten fun facts about New Hampshire. About 7 miles (11 km) offshore are the Isles of Shoals, nine small islands (four of which are in New Hampshire) known as the site of a 19th-century art colony founded by poet Celia Thaxter, and the alleged location of one of the buried treasures of the pirate Blackbeard. [65] By October 2010, the unemployment rate had dropped to 5.4%. [40], New Hampshire has the highest percentage (22.9%) of residents with French/French-Canadian/Acadian ancestry of any U.S. Submitted by readers. Nature tourism is a substantial contributor to the state economy, as well as seasonal sports like skiing. New Hampshire is one of the New England states of the US. New Hampshire has the shortest ocean coastline of any U.S. coastal state, with a length of 18 miles (29 km),[14] sometimes measured as only 13 miles (21 km).[15]. Additionally, Concord serves as both the state capital and the county seat of Merrimack County. SONG: "Old New Hampshire." The northern parts of the state produced lumber, and the mountains provided tourist attractions. CAPITAL: Concord. As of the 2010 Census, the population of New Hampshire was 1,316,470. OFFICIAL SEAL: In the center is a … It is estimated to be 85 percent forested, which attracts a variety of outdoorsy visitors. The New England Colonies, including the New Hampshire Colony, were dominated by the Puritans who refused to tolerate any religion outside their own. English and French explorers visited New Hampshire in 1600–1605, and David Thompson settled at Odiorne's Point in present-day Rye in 1623. The Democrats dominated elections in New Hampshire in 2006 and 2008. [34] The center of population of New Hampshire is in Merrimack County, in the town of Pembroke. With over three hundred years of facts about New Hampshire, it’s easy to forget a few along the way. New Hampshire fast facts and trivia! New Hampshire was a net exporter of electricity, exporting 63 trillion British thermal units (18 TWh). New Hampshire's Lakes Region is home to many summer camps, especially around Lake Winnipesaukee, and is a popular tourist destination. The fourteenth president of the United States, Franklin Pierce, was born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire. [17] The White Mountains were home to the rock formation called the Old Man of the Mountain, a face-like profile in Franconia Notch, until the formation disintegrated in May 2003. New Hampshire is full of breath-taking views of farms, pastures, covered bridges, mountains, lakes, and beaches. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population in 2010: 0.6% were of Mexican, 0.9% Puerto Rican, 0.1% Cuban, and 1.2% other Hispanic or Latino origin. 1. However, the tourist industry, in particular visitors who go to northern New Hampshire to ski, snowboard, hike and mountain bike, has helped offset economic losses from mill closures. [80] Neither U.S. Senate seat was up for a vote in 2006. New Hampshire also elected Frank Guinta (R) for its First Congressional District representative and Ann Kuster (D) for its Second Congressional District representative. (For details, see the article on Government of New Hampshire.). It consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Major routes include: New Hampshire has 25 public-use airports, three with some scheduled commercial passenger service. Interesting New Hampshire Colony Facts: Captain John Mason was given a land grant from the Council for New England in 1622 which helped him to found the New Hampshire Colony. New Hampshire has modest manufacturing, especially of electronics, as well as professional and science services. Average daytime highs are in the mid 70s°F to low 80s°F (24–28°C) throughout the state in July, with overnight lows in the mid 50s°F to low 60s°F (13–15°C). [25], The National Arbor Day Foundation plant hardiness zone map depicts zones 3, 4, 5, and 6 occurring throughout the state[26] and indicates the transition from a relatively cooler to warmer climate as one travels southward across New Hampshire. Population. As leaders in the revolutionary cause, New Hampshire delegates received the honor of being the first to vote for the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. [62] The issue of taxation is controversial in New Hampshire, which has a property tax (subject to municipal control) but no broad sales tax or income tax. State law requires that the Secretary of State schedule this election at least one week before any "similar event". Dixville Notch and Hart's Location are traditionally the first places in both New Hampshire and the U.S. to vote in presidential primaries and elections. Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed all year. The state does have narrower taxes on meals, lodging, vehicles, business and investment income, and tolls on state roads. In the 1950s and 1960s, defense contractors moved into many of the former mills, such as Sanders Associates in Nashua; the population of southern New Hampshire surged beginning in the 1980s as major highways connected the region to Greater Boston and established several bedroom communities in the state. The state border is not in the center of that river, as is usually the case, but at the low-water mark on the Vermont side; meaning the entire river along the Vermont border (save for areas where the water level has been raised by a dam) lies within New Hampshire. This raid was preceded by a warning to local patriots the previous day, by Paul Revere on December 13, 1774, that the fort was to be reinforced by troops sailing from Boston. The crews that built the railroad had to climb the mountain daily, so to minimize the time they took to get down the steep hill, they invented “Devils Shingles.” Manufacturing centers such as Manchester, Nashua and Berlin were hit hard in the 1930s–1940s as major manufacturing industries left New England and moved to the Southern United States or overseas, reflecting nationwide trends. It is the oldest permanent settlement in New Hampshire. A world record for wind speed was clocked here at 231 miles per hour! Nearly half of New Hampshire households use fuel oil for winter heating, which is one of the largest shares in the United States. New Hampshire today has a broad-based and growing economy, with a state GDP growth rate of 2.2% in 2018. There are 400 representatives, making it one of the largest elected bodies in the English-speaking world,[73] and 24 senators. These locations have limited to no self-government, and services are generally provided for them by neighboring towns or the county or state where needed. NICKNAME: The Granite State. Later, it was integrated into Massachusetts with a shared governor. New Hampshire's two U.S. representatives as of January 2019 are Chris Pappas and Ann McLane Kuster (both Democrats). As of 2019 the population had risen to an estimated 89,355. Further, the state elected its second female governor: Democrat Maggie Hassan. New Hampshire's workforce is 90% in nonfarm employment, with 18% employed in trade, transportation, and utilities; 17% in education and health care; 12% in government; 11% in professional and business services; and 10% in leisure and hospitality. All state-level statutes treat all municipalities identically. Want to know a little bit more about New Hampshire but only have two minutes? [74] The Libertarian Party had official party status from 1990 to 1996. The Wentworth-Coolidge Mansion, a national historic landmark 2 miles (3 km) southeast of Portsmouth, was the home and council chamber of New Hampshire’s first royal governor (1741–67). Washington in New Hampshire is said to have the worst weather on earth. Here are ten things that you might not know about New Hampshire, but … The Barnstormers Theatre in Tamworth, founded in 1931, is one of the longest-running professional summer theaters in the United States.[98]. At the other end of the social scale, there developed a permanent class of day laborers, mariners, indentured servants and even slaves. As of 2013[update], Boston-centered MBTA Commuter Rail services reach only as far as northern Massachusetts. The economic and social life of the Seacoast region revolved around sawmills, shipyards, merchants' warehouses, and established village and town centers. [21] New Hampshire is in the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome. The state ranks No. Industrialization took the form of numerous textile mills, which in turn attracted large flows of immigrants from Quebec (the "French Canadians") and Ireland. It is one of three states that have no mandatory helmet law. The Democratic Party and the Republican Party are the two largest parties in the state. In 2011, Governor John Lynch vetoed HB 218, a bill passed by Republican lawmakers, which would have drastically curtailed the powers and responsibilities of NHRTA. January temperatures range from an average high of 34 °F (1 °C) on the coast to overnight lows below 0 °F (−18 °C) in the far north and at high elevations. [53] According to the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) the largest denominations are the Catholic Church with 311,028 members; The United Church of Christ with 26,321 members; and the United Methodist Church with 18,029 members. In 2008 the state tied with Massachusetts as having the highest scores on the SAT and ACT standardized tests given to high school students.[93]. The 2008 elections resulted in women holding a majority, 13 of the 24 seats, in the New Hampshire Senate, a first for any legislative body in the United States.[81]. Saint Anselm College in Goffstown has become a popular campaign spot for politicians as well as several national presidential debates because of its proximity to Manchester-Boston Regional Airport.[77][78][79]. New Hampshire has a long and important history that’s hard to keep track of. Median Household Income by State", "Bureau of Economic Analysis—Gross Domestic Product by State", "New Hampshire—State Energy Profile Overview—U.S. New Hampshire is part of New England. New Hampshire municipalities are classified as towns or cities, which differ primarily by the form of government. The northern portion of the state is very sparsely populated: the largest county by area, Coos, covers the northern one-fourth of the state and has only around 31,000 people, about a third of whom live in a single community (Berlin). A plurality of voters are registered as undeclared, and can choose either ballot in the primary and then regain their undeclared status after voting. New Hampshire has two universities competing at the NCAA Division I in all collegiate sports: the Dartmouth Big Green (Ivy League) and the New Hampshire Wildcats (America East Conference), as well as three NCAA Division II teams: Franklin Pierce Ravens, Saint Anselm Hawks and Southern New Hampshire Penmen (Northeast-10 Conference). The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire by Captain John Mason. Energy Information Administration (EIA)", "New Hampshire's State and Local Tax Burden, 1970–2006", "NH unemployment rate drops to 5.4 percent in Oct", "The 10 states with the best quality of life", "Firms by Size | Data & Statistics | Data and Analysis | Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau (ELMI) | NH Employment Security", "New Hampshire Community Profiles | Data and Analysis | Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau (ELMI) | NH Employment Security", "State of New Hampshire Monthly Revenue Focus (FY 2005)", "Independents Become Largest Voting Bloc in New Hampshire", "Libertarian Party likely on N.H. ballots by 2018", "CBS's Face the Nation : Saint Anselm College", "Saint Anselm College—Saint Anselm to Host ABC Debates in Dana Center", "Candidates Face Off at St. Anselm's College", "Storm of change sweeps through N.H. Legislature", "New Hampshire's Democratic wave, explained", "In a Further Blow to Democrats, Republicans Increase Their Hold on State Governments", "Business groups unite to support NH Rail Transit Authority", "Governor Lynch's Veto Message Regarding HB 218", "NH Rideshare—Your Source for Transportation Alternatives", "NH Rocks: Connecting You with Things to Do in New Hampshire", "The New England Summer Theater—Six of the Oldest", "2017 Business Excellence Winner: Robert Lawton of Funspot", "Looking Back on Our Town: Eighty years after Thornton Wilder wrote his classic, the play still lives", "League of New Hampshire Craftsmen's Fair", "State Senate approves civil unions for same-sex couples", New Hampshire State Guide from the Library of Congress, USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of New Hampshire, Internet Movie Database listing of films shot in the state, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_Hampshire&oldid=996764775, States and territories established in 1788, States of the East Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles needing additional references from May 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2000, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Based in Portsmouth, plays home games in nearby, Number of employer establishments: 37,868, The fictional New Hampshire town of Grover's Corners serves as the setting of the, In the penultimate episode of the AMC drama, On June 12, 1800, Fernald's Island in the, In 1828, the first women's strike in the nation took place at, Finished on June 27, 1874, the first trans-Atlantic telecommunications cable between Europe and America stretched from Balinskelligs Bay, Ireland, to, On February 6, 1901, a group of nine conservationists founded the, In 1963, New Hampshire's legislature approved the nation's first modern state, In January 1974 the first municipal recycling center in the US opened in, On May 17, 1996, New Hampshire became the first state in the country to install a green, On May 31, 2007, New Hampshire became the first state to, Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 14:07. 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